What is Skateboard Wheels Made Of

What is Skateboard Wheels Made Of?

Wheels on skateboards are made of different kinds of rubber to grip the ground and not slide out. The wheels help the board keep its speed to go faster than the walking pace.

Different kinds of boards have different types of wheels. Like All-terrain electric skateboards have different types of wheels because they are made to run off-road. Some are larger than others, some are smaller, and they may have holes in them or not. In addition, some skateboard wheels are made of plastic.

The three main skateboard wheels are hard (polyurethane), soft (rubber), and foam. Polyurethane is very smooth but does not grip too well.

skatebaord deck

The rubber has a rougher exterior but hugs the surface it’s used on better than urethane, and foam is covered with thin rubber skin. Foam wheels are generally used at skateboarding parks for their smooth ride. At the same time, the other two types are preferred by skaters who want to go faster and perform tricks with greater ease.

History Of Polyurethane Skateboard Wheels:

In the 1950s, skateboards were made of steel or clay.   In the 1960s, skateboard wheels became solid polyurethane with a metal core, allowing skateboards to go faster and perform tricks easier than ever before.


 Unlike today’s skateboards, these skateboards did not have any grip tape on the top. Riding skateboards without grip tape was very challenging because the wheels could slide out at any time.


 The skateboard wheels were much larger than today’s skateboard wheels. As a result, they had little or no grip on the ground, making skateboarding difficult. 

Only certain skateboards are compatible with skateboard wheels that are 100% polyurethane. Most boards have a wooden or plastic core coated by either urethane or fiberglass, making it impossible for the skateboard wheel to make contact with the entire surface of the board.

Skateboarding on boards that do not meet your preference will destroy your wheels faster because there is less surface area for them to grip to.

Skateboard wheels come in different shapes and sizes. Smaller skateboards typically have skateboard wheels that are more than 55 mm tall and about 100A.

In comparison, larger skateboards usually have skateboard wheels less than 50 mm tall and around 97A-101A. The hardness of skateboard wheels is measured using the skateboard wheel durometer scale.

  A skateboard wheel that is 97A-101A is harder than one that’s 55 mm tall because skateboards under 55 mm tall should have skateboard wheels with a hardness of 90A or above.

Polyurethane Wheels

Polyurethane skateboard wheels are known for their ability to grip the surface they’re used on and not slip out from under your skateboard.

In addition, they transmit a lot of energy, which is why skateboards with 100% polyurethane skateboard wheels go faster than wheels made of any other material.

Additionally, skateboard wheels made of polyurethane can be formed during manufacturing, fitting perfectly onto skateboards.  

The makes skateboard wheels that are 100% polyurethane much smoother than skateboard wheels made of other materials. When skateboard wheels have holes in them, it causes extra drag against the ground, so your skateboard will work harder to go as fast as a skateboard with smooth skateboard wheels.

deck of skateboard

Before deciding on skateboard wheels that are 100% polyurethane, keep in mind that they are not designed for skateboarding on extremely bumpy surfaces. In addition, the hardness of the skateboard wheel is too high for skateboarding on potholes or train tracks because it will damage the skateboard permanently.

Pro & Cons of Polyurethane Wheels step by step


  1. Polyurethane skateboard wheels are known for their grip.
  2. They are harder than skateboard wheels made of other materials, so they have more grip.
  3. Skateboard wheels made of polyurethane are very smooth.



  1. Skateboard wheels made of 100% polyurethane are not good for bumpy surfaces.
  2. what are conical skateboard wheels:

Conical skateboard wheels are skateboard wheels that have a larger diameter at the inner part of the skateboard wheel. It causes the skateboard to make stronger contact with the ground while creating more friction against it. The increased friction makes conical skateboard wheels last longer than skateboard wheels without conical structure.

Conical skateboard wheels

Conical skateboard wheels also make skateboarding easier because they create a larger contact point between the skateboard wheel and the ground. It allows skateboarders to push themselves faster, which makes skateboarding more fun.

Pro & cons of  conical skateboard wheels:



  1. Conical skateboard wheels make skateboarding easier by increasing the contact area between the skateboard and the ground.
  2. Conical skateboard wheels last longer than skateboard wheels without conical structure.
  3. Some skateboarders find skateboarding with conical skateboard wheels more fun.


  1. Conical skateboard wheels will make skating on very bumpy surfaces harder.
  2. Conical skateboard wheels also make skateboarding more difficult because they increase the contact surface between the skateboard and the ground.


Higher quality skateboard wheels are made of polyurethane, a type of plastic. This material allows the wheel to grip the bottom and not come off easily. But, of course, the best and most expensive option is urethane.


 Urethane is made of different mixed chemicals, and it is very strong. It also does not wear down easily. It has the same strength as the kind used by cars for race tracks so that urethane wheels can be used on skateboards.